byadmin

Obtaining a Building Permit Application Miami FL can be a complex process. If the applicant forgets one piece of documentation that can mean that the permit will be rejected. If the applicant begins a project without the necessary permits in place they can face a hefty fine and stop work order. To make matters even more complex, federal, state, county and city officials all have different procedures and submission requirements. Usually one person on a team, often a lawyer is in charge of making sure that the paperwork is filed in the proper sequence at the right office.

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However the lawyer isn’t the person that can fill out complex environmental and construction documents. It requires a team of engineers, hydrologists, environmental scientists, landscape architects and architects to complete a plan for just a small residential or commercial development. That plan must then be put in the appropriate format for dozens of different permitting agencies. Each of these agencies has a different authority to review the plan. There can also be a proper sequence of review. One agency must approve the plan before a second agency can act.

A development company can have dozens of outstanding projects under review at any one time. The developer may decide that he wants to focus on the building and marketing of projects. He can hire a permit expediting company to shepherd his projects through the Building Permit Application Miami FL process. The professionals at these companies are often former regulators who helped write and enforce these regulatory processes.

They have a staff dedicated to walking permits to all of the different offices. They are the ones who stand in line to get the appropriate submission stamps on each page of the plan. All of this information is carefully kept in binders and entered into software designed for this process. The developer can check the progress of any of his projects by logging into the company website. Of course there is a project manager that he can speak with at any time. That project manager makes sure that no deadlines are missed and any questions about the application are answered promptly. This ensures the fastest possible path through a complex regulatory maze.

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Four Russian stores hit with gas attacks

Monday, December 26, 2005

In Russia’s second largest city, St. Petersburg, four gas attacks left more than 70 people ill. Devices with wires, timers, and glass vials of a gas determined on scene to be methyl mercaptan were found in outlets of Makisdom, a home improvement chain store. The chemical is both naturally occurring and manufactured and is used as an oderant for detection of propane or natural gas leaks.

Store officials have said that they had received threats that sales would be disrupted before New Year’s. Russians traditionally give gifts on the holiday. Police officials said they believed a commercial dispute or a prank not terrorism.

The local emergency hospital was overflowed from the influx of ill people from the attacks. Valentina Matviyenko, Governer of St. Petersburg, said that those who sought medical help were not suffering any further medical problems.

A custodian at one of the stores found the devices and alerted police. The devices were found at another store with their vials broken. The devices in the two other stores were carried outside by employees and covered with buckets. The police explosives experts defused them.

  • Interfax. “Gas Attack in Russian Store Poisons Dozens of Shoppers, Workers” — Bloomberg, December 26, 2005
  • “Russia gas attack sickens scores; commercial dispute suspected” — Jerusalem Post, December 26, 2005
  • Irina Titova (ap). “Gas Attack at Russia Store Sickens Dozens” — Washington Post, December 26, 2005
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How Do Day Trading Techniques Work?

by

Dee Winne

Daytrading strategies are a way of identifying stock trading ideas that are able to be bought and sold while in the same session. There are times where this type of transaction could be held until the next day, but in general virtually all positions are flattened on the day of entry. The goal is to collect a good profit without having to takethe overnight chance of an adverse price move against the trade. In general, there are three types of day trades which might take place – trades dependent off economic announcements, trades based upon chart patterns and trading based off of another security.

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Within these 3 types of trades, you will find an added breakdown. These types of transactions may be done manually, semi-automated as well as completely automated. Manual trade positions deal with atrader just simply watching the security trade in real-time to get a feel for the direction together with volatility. A trader may additionally watch a live financial newsfeed and try to find opportunities in which a piece of news which comes out is not estimated into the valuation of the shares. Manual trading usually do not have a specified set ofprocedures to identify trading opportunities – they are generally built around the individual traders level of skill. Semi-automated trading takes advantage of charting software programs, which includes those which can be programmed and customized. There is always a handful of methods which are adhered to in order to locate trading ideas, which can comprise of a variety of steps and measures. As soon as a trade is found, a trader uses thier judgement as to the validity of the trade. In addition the trader may discover that a particularstock trade is not working out or is not progressing as intended and will choose to just get rid of that trade and look for others. Semi-automated day trading most likely is the most widely used form of short-term trading. A set of guidelines is utilized to dig into the markets for trade ideasmeeting the criteria after which the speculator places the tradeby hand and monitors the progress. There is frequently a number of exit methods that will be implemented, but you will find a great deal of adaptability to change the rules determined by what the market is doing. Automatic market models are fully encoded trading strategies that demand little if anyintervention from the market participant. A fixed list of mechanics is run to detect ideas, transact trade positions as well as keep on top of the transactions once a trade is filled. Usually, programmed trading systems are left to handle all components of the transaction. Only in extreme situations would a professional use any judgement with this kind of system. To program a reliable automated day trading system necessitates numerous years of practical experience in both trading the markets and expertise inprogramming languages. This does not necessarily mean the actualsystem has to be complex; to the contrary some of the best automated trading systems are based on a clear-cut principle but function in a very completely unique manner. This sort of strategy is not for everyone. It entails at the bare minimum several hours of your time during trade hours to locateand execute trades. On top of that it demands a greater than average understanding of the markets. Furthermore, this form of buying and selling increases the chances of losing money for many individuals. Day trading techniques

are captivating given that they can give a very good rate of return for those that possess a sufficient amount of expertise. It is additionally a lot of fun for many individuals to make an effort to learn about this type of trading as a pastime. There are a lot of brokerages which will ensure that you get a virtual account free of charge. This really is the best method to try your hand at day tradingand develop your current knowledge.

Use live day trading methods at

tradefollowr.com

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ArticleRich.com

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Utah bill requiring divine design education withdrawn by Senator Chris Buttars

Monday, July 18, 2005

Utah Senator Chris Buttars has decided not to introduce a bill requiring the teaching of “divine design” in Utah schools, at least for this year. Buttars withdrew after State Board of Education director Patti Harrington assured him that Utah public school curriculum does not teach that man descended from apes.

Buttars had hoped his divine design proposal would escape the controversy of creationism or intelligent design. “The only people who will be upset about this are atheists,” he stated on June 6 when he announced his intention to run the bill.

Utah is home to the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints also known as the Mormon Church. On the surface it would seem Utah would be a likely scene of intense religious pressure in public schools over the teaching of evolution. But unlike states with a strong Christian conservative presence, Utah’s LDS leaders have avoided some of the more contentious separation state and church battles.

On the topic of divine design, official LDS church spokesmen have been largely silent at least in public. But with more than 90% of the legislature made up of members of the LDS faith, few in Utah would deny the influence of the church on public policy.

Groups on both sides of the issue are gearing up for what many consider an inevitable fight. The ACLU of Utah has posted a paper on divine design on its web site (http://www.acluutah.org). The Eagle Forum which wields significant policital power in Utah has expressed its support for Buttars proposed legislation.

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Doha round of trade talks suspended after negotiations fail

Tuesday, July 25, 2006

The director-general of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), Pascal Lamy, suspended negotiations in the Doha round of trade talks on Monday, after a meeting of six “core” negotiators India, Brazil, the United States, European Union, Japan, and Australia in Geneva failed to make any headway in reconciling differences over agricultural trade liberalisation. The US wanted cuts in import tariffs for farm products, which were rejected by EU, Japan and India, who asked for cuts in agricultural subsidies.

Peter Mandelson, the EU trade commissioner, told the Financial Times: “If the US continues to demand dollar-for-dollar compensation in market access [cutting tariffs] for reducing domestic support, no one in the developing world will ever buy that and the EU will not either.” Brazil also identified the US stand on subsidies as the reason the talks failed.

Susan Schwab, the US trade representative, said that the other countries sought exemptions from tariff cuts for a wide range of goods and that such exemptions would defeat the object of the talks – to expand trade. “As we went through the layers of loopholes . . . we discovered that a couple of our trading partners were more interested in loopholes than market access,” she said.

The Indian Commerce and Industries Minister, Kamal Nath said that developing countries could not allow their subsistence farmers to lose their livelihood and food security to provide market access to agricultural products from developed countries.

Retrieved from “https://en.wikinews.org/w/index.php?title=Doha_round_of_trade_talks_suspended_after_negotiations_fail&oldid=1137019”

Oakland renters displaced by Hope VI program

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Oakland renters displaced by Hope VI program
Author: Admin

21 Sep

Wednesday, October 25, 2006

Oakland, California —A developer’s recent glossy sales brochure hails the Coliseum Gardens housing development in East Oakland as the most comprehensive development to date for one of Oakland’s largest nonprofit housing developers, but close scrutiny of the project reveals that only 4 out of the 178 low-income public housing families displaced by the development actually managed to return to the newly rebuilt housing complex that was recently christened as Lion Creek Crossings.

Phase 1 of the 20 acre project at the Coliseum Gardens/Lion Creek Crossings mixed income housing development was completed in June of 2006, with phase 4 of the development expected to be completed by December 2008.

Documents reveal that as an effort to reduce violence and drug trafficking within and around the Coliseum and Lockwood communities of Oakland, the HOPE VI program enabled the Oakland Housing Authority (OHA) to use nearly $61 million in federal funding to displace Oakland’s low-income communities from the above mentioned locations.

These projects are only a small part of what is known as the Oakland Coliseum Redevelopment Area, which is approximately 11 square miles in size, extending from 22nd Ave., all the way to the San Leandro City limits, and is located between E. 14th St., and the Oakland Estuary/Airport.

The OHA’s Board of Commissioners approved the selection of the East Bay Asian Local Development Corporation (EBALDC), the Related Companies of California (Related Companies), and Chambers General Construction as co-developers of the Coliseum Gardens public housing site during its board meeting on October 21, 2002. As partners in the development project, the OHA owns the land, and the developers own the buildings.

As a result of the OHA approval, local nonprofit housing developer EBALDC and Related Companies, LLC., out of New York City, created Creekside Housing Partners, L.P., to take control of Oakland’s public housing property at the Coliseum Gardens site.

After the eviction of 178 families and the demolition of their 178 public housing units during 2004, Creekside Housing Partners (CHP) moved as quickly as possible to rebuild and finish off “phase 1,” of their project. Phase 1 of the development is managed by Related Companies, the tenants pay their rents to the New York based firm, and during the past 6 months the developers have moved people into 115 newly rebuilt housing units at the development.

Twima Early works at the management office of Related Companies located at Lion Creek Crossings and was eager to help shed some light on whats been going on at the newly privatized public housing site in East Oakland.

In an October 18 interview, Twima Early said, “During the past 6 months, we have completed phase 1 of our project and moved people into 115 housing units at our new development. Out of the 178 families who were originally displaced by our project, the OHA sent us a list of 13 families who were eligible to move back into this location, and only 4 of those families actually moved into our new development.”

“It seemed odd that the Housing Authority would only allow 13 families to move back into this location, and I can’t explain why so few were allowed to return,” said Early.

When Randy Shaw of the Tenderloin Housing Clinic learned how few of the original public housing tenants that were actually allowed to move back into the Coliseum Gardens/Lion Creek housing development, he said, “The Hope VI program has once again proved to be the major cause of the displacement of low-income people. I’ve never heard of numbers so skewed before in regards to the displacement of families who were promised that the Hope VI project would be beneficial to them.”

Since 1994, Oakland officials and the Federal Government have targeted Oakland’s poor with nearly $84 million in federal funding through the Hope VI program.

The privatization of Oakland’s public housing units have been occurring at a rapid pace. When wealthy billionaire Stephen M. Ross, CEO of Related Companies, teamed up with local nonprofit housing developer EBALDC to re-develop the Coliseum Gardens/Lion Creek housing complex, it became apparent that the developers made out much better than the displaced families did.

Carlos Castellanos of EBALDC is involved in the Coliseum Gardens/Lion Creek development, and when I asked how did this project benefit the families who used to reside there or how is the City of Oakland benefitting from the displacement of so many families, Castellanos said, “These are loaded questions and not something that I want to talk about. I think that a lot of those tenants did not really want to move back, and I think that you really need to talk to the Housing Authority to find out what happened to all of those families.”

Vivian Haine resided in a public housing unit near the Coliseum Gardens site, and said, “About a year ago, Kim Boyd the site manager where I resided at, told me that I’m lucky to be living here even if there is no money for repairs at this building, because they didn’t have enough funding to finish off the project at Coliseum Gardens, and most of the evicted tenants had no where to go. I believe that many of the families displaced from the Coliseum Gardens development couldn’t find any housing to move into and may have become homeless,” Haine said.

Records show that on June 24, 2006, the OHA’s Board of Commissioners approved the use of market rate rents in its Project-Based Section 8 program at the Coliseum Gardens/Lion Creek development, to cover a $600,000 funding shortfall after the EBALDC/Related Companies claimed that they needed more money to complete phase 3 of the project.

A Sept. 19, 2006, OHA memo mentions that EBALDC/Related Companies are co-developing the rental portion at Coliseum Gardens/Lion Creek Crossings site, which will include 157 units of public housing. The total number of rental units, including public housing, now planned is approximately 440 units, plus another 28 units of for-sale housing which are planned to be developed by Chambers Construction Company.

With the demolition of 178 public housing units by the developers, and only 157 public housing units being rebuilt at the Coliseum Gardens/Lion Creek Crossings housing site, theres been a net loss of 21 public housing units at this location.

The OHA and City of Oakland continue to funnel millions of dollars to the EBALDC/Related Companies partnership, in an effort to privatize part of Oakland’s public housing program in East Oakland.

Since its inception, the Hope VI program has resulted in the demolition of more than 120,000 public housing units across the nation, only to be replaced by 40,000 mixed income units, and less than 12% of the displaced families have managed to gain entry back into the locations they were originally evicted from. In order to make way for the new housing projects being developed that resulted in the privatization of the nation’s public housing properties, around 30% of the displaced families are given Section 8 vouchers, 49% are moved into other public housing units, and most of the rest of the tenants often end up losing their rental assistance.

Retrieved from “https://en.wikinews.org/w/index.php?title=Oakland_renters_displaced_by_Hope_VI_program&oldid=439178”

Wholesale Scrubs Why Scrubs Are Important In Hospitals}

Submitted by: Peter Johnn

Mentioning hospital conjures up images of sick patients which may not be a thought anyone would want to entertain. Hospitals however also represent cleanliness; from the distinct smell of disinfectants to the scrubs worn by hospital personnel.

Scrubs have a history dating back to the 60s when most hospitals abandoned white medical attires for solid green elastic band pants and V-necked shirts which were short sleeved. The attires, because of the green color, were then referred to as surgical greens. The scrubs title was given to the medical attire owing to the fact that it is worn in scrubbed environments. The medical attires have been maintained as standard hospital dressing in most USA hospitals and in several UK hospitals. The notable changes made with the medical attires lies in their colors, which are commonly used to distinguish between different hospital staff members. For instance surgical doctors have maintained the solid green and blue scrubs while nurses wear bright colored scrubs. Scrubs with animal prints and other interesting prints are commonly worn by pediatric personnel.

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Scrubs are important because of their functionality; they are easy to clean, their tailoring prevents dust from lodging up in their seams to maintain cleanliness and they are easily replaceable in case of damage or due to laundry requirements. Hospitals tend to purchase wholesale scrubs owing to their high demand during daily hospital operations. Surgeons in particular require several dress changes a day to maintain high cleanliness standards with every surgical procedure they carry out. With several surgical operations lined up in a day, they cannot wait for a pair to be laundered. They simply grab an extra pair of scrubs available at the hospital and go on to the next operation. It is this high requirement of the medical attires that leads hospitals to purchase wholesale scrubs.

These medical attires are tailored using light weight cotton. The light weight material helps the attire promote easy movement which hospital personnel are constantly involved in. Nurses have to move from patient to patient checking on progress, changing bed pans and administering drugs. There are situations when medical personnel have to run and assist patients in distress. The light weight nature of these medical attires makes swift movements possible. Their light weight nature also makes them quite easy to launder. They take minimal drying time, which is ideal for hospitals requiring them in abundance. However their light weight nature makes them highly prone to tears and quick wearing after a couple of washes. Their affordability makes it easy for hospitals to replace them by purchasing wholesale scrubs.

Buying wholesale scrubs comes with several advantages. To begin with, they are relatively affordable when bought in bulk at wholesale reduced prices. Bulk buying takes away the requirement to constantly replace the medical attires which are always in high demand within hospitals. Buying the medical attires in abundance stocks them up for easy access whenever medical personnel need to quickly change to keep up with the high cleanliness requirements in hospitals. The scrubs are also kept in supply to issue out to temporary hospital workers, like volunteers, who increase by the day hospital demands. Buying wholesale scrubs also helps a hospital create and maintain rapport with wholesale scrub sellers to receive similar or lower discounts with return business.

About the Author: Purchasing

wholesale scrubs

helps hospitals save on time and money. When bought in bulk the medical attires tend to be cheaper and helps the hospital save up on the time that would be used to constantly buy the medical attires. WholesaleScrubsSets offer several scrubs designs in varied colors and at pocket friendly prices. Click here for

wholesale scrubs

Source:

isnare.com

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Scottish Justice Secretary ‘acutely aware of unusual publicity’ in Kular case

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Scottish Justice Secretary ‘acutely aware of unusual publicity’ in Kular case
Author: Admin

17 Sep

Thursday, February 13, 2014

Wikinews has obtained a letter by Scottish Justice Secretary Kenny MacAskill to former Conservative justice spokesman John Lamont in response to questions raised by our correspondent about the Mikaeel Kular murder case. Wikinews has investigated possible contempt by media publishing potentially prejudicial material, and MacAskill wrote he has “been following the case of Mikaeel Kular and [is] acutely aware of the unusual publicity this case has attracted.”

When Mikaeel Kular, three, vanished from his Edinburgh home last month police and volunteers scoured the capital for him. His body was found in Fife just before midnight on January 17, and his mother was arrested on January 18. That’s when Wikinews first reported on possible widespread contempt by UK and Scottish media.

Our correspondent is based in Scotland and has been advised by a lawyer not to identify anybody detained until they have appeared in court, even if they have been arrested and charged. Professor James Chalmers of the University of Glasgow has since reviewed our coverage and confirmed this position. Despite that a large number of major media outlets identified Rosdeep Adekoya, nee Kular, 33, as the arrested individual.

Adekoya has since been in Edinburgh Sheriff Court charged with murdering her son. She is in custody pending indictment and trial, but any eyewitness evidence may be tainted because her image has been widely published. This is common practice elsewhere in the UK but Scottish justice works differently and courts have viewed publication of photos as potentially prejudicial. Professor Pamela Ferguson of the University of Dundee notes “journalists do seem to be walking a dangerous line if publishing photos etc of suspects.” Crown Office, which is in overall charge of prosecutions, has indicated to journalists that no further comment will be made at least until indictment.

MacAskill however expressed confidence in the Scottish court system to deal with the situation. “I am confident… the courts themselves will intervene if they believe publicity is in danger of being prejudicial.” He also wrote to Lamont that he has faith in the court to successfully direct any jury that may try the case in order to maintain fairness.

The courts have said that the only safe route to avoid committing a contempt is to avoid publishing a photograph

The Contempt of Court Act 1981 is designed to prevent prejudicial material going in front of juries before trial. Although UK-wide legislation, the law is interpreted differently north of the border than in England and Wales. Witnesses in Scotland may be asked to identify accused persons standing in the dock. The BBC College of Journalism advises legal advice be sought ahead of publishing photos and notes it has previously been ruled contempt. The BBC used the accused’s photo prominently in their own online coverage.

Chalmers explains: “It may be a contempt of court to create a substantial risk of serious prejudice to someone’s right to a fair trial. A photograph might do this in a case where identification is an issue; on the face of it, that does not seem especially likely in this case, but it is impossible to know for certain at this point. The courts have said that the only safe route to avoid committing a contempt is to avoid publishing a photograph, but that does not mean that publishing a photograph is automatically a contempt.” MacAskill noted “the kind of issue that publicity might raise may become apparent only during the trial itself.”

Contempt has been a considerable issue in the UK in recent years after high-profile cases. In one instance a charge against serial killer Levi Bellfield was dropped owing to publicity while the jury were deliberating; in another, newspapers were fined and sued for libel over reporting on the arrest of a suspect who turned out to be innocent in a prominent investigation.

A proposal was mooted to ban identification of suspects arrested anywhere in the UK, but this was subsequently shelved. MacAskill confirmed “the Scottish Government is content with the way the courts are operating the rules on contempt of court in Scotland at the moment and has no plans to make changes.” He also wrote of the difficulties with trying to individually cover all eventualities with prescriptive legislation, saying “A trial for a sexual offence will raise very different issues — particularly of protecting victims — from those that are raised by a tax fraud trial.”

MacAskill says it is the Scottish Government’s position that the task of “counterbalancing the public interest in reporting with upholding the criminal law should be left to those whose job it is to do so — the courts and the judiciary, acting in the individual circumstances of the case”.

Retrieved from “https://en.wikinews.org/w/index.php?title=Scottish_Justice_Secretary_%27acutely_aware_of_unusual_publicity%27_in_Kular_case&oldid=4455617”

India seeks web crackdown after failed talks with industry

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India seeks web crackdown after failed talks with industry
Author: Admin

17 Sep

Tuesday, December 6, 2011

Indian authorities today declared an intent to force web companies to screen content for “offensive” and “blasphemous material”. The move follows failed talks yesterday with Facebook, Google, Yahoo!, and Microsoft.

Communications Minister Kapil Sibal says “My aim is that insulting material never gets uploaded”, and that web firms “will have to give us the data, where these images are being uploaded and who is doing it.” The government’s planned new policy is in response to web-based firms informing him they could not prevent such material being uploaded. “They have given it to me in writing that they will not do anything until we get an order from the court,” even though “At a meeting on 4 November, we showed them some of the photos and they too agreed that the photos were offensive,” said Sibal. The disputed material was first discussed three months ago.

Sibal calls the situation “unacceptable” and disputes the firms’ defence of being merely “platforms” for others to add material. He claims they showed their “intention was not to cooperate”. Facebook promised ongoing dialogue in a statement and “[recognise] the government’s interest in minimising the amount of abusive content”. They also promised to “remove any content that violates our terms, which are designed to keep material that is hateful, threatening, incites violence or contains nudity off the service.”

Google say they remove material breaching their policies and to comply with local legislation. “But when content is legal and doesn’t violate our policies, we won’t remove it just because it’s controversial, as we believe that people’s differing views, so long as they’re legal, should be respected and protected,” the company added.

“We have to take care of the sensibilities of our people, we have to protect their sensibilities. Our cultural ethos is very important to us,” Sibal said today. A response from web firms of “we throw up our hands, we can’t do anything about this” would not be tolerated.

Although some reports suggest the spat has been triggered by critiques of powerful politician Sonia Gandhi, Sibal claims the firms have previously hesitated to respond to requests for details of “terrorists”. All the material the government wishes to censor is “absolutely illegal, defamatory, pornographic or other similar kind of material” says Congress spokesman Abhishek Manu Singhvi. Material in question includes cartoons of Gandhi and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and material mocking religion including an image depicting pigs in Mecca.

Indian computer security expert Vijay Mukhi rubbished the suggestions. “The idea of prescreening is impossible. How will they do it?… There is no technology currently that determines whether content is ‘defamatory’ or ‘offensive’,” he told Reuters. This sentiment was broadly echoed by large numbers on Twitter; the tag #IdiotKapilSibal was among the nation’s Twitter users’ most-used today. Twitter and Facebook were the organising points earlier this year for an anti-graft campaign that saw thousands protesting and new laws passed.

Internet companies insist too much material flows through the web to make such screening plausible. Sibal says the firms are applying US standards which do not take Indian needs into account.

Research in Motion last year resisted Indian security demands for access to encrypted BlackBerry communications. The government gave up that request but did manage to gain limited access to some BlackBerry communications. Skype and Google were told then that local servers would be mandatory, allowing the government to inspect emails.

About 100 million of India’s 1.2 billion people are online. There are 28 million Indian Facebook profiles. Google says it has received 68 content removal requests from Indian officials this year, and there have also been concerns Google Earth could be used to plan militant attacks.

India’s new moves follow criticism of the United Kingdom earlier this year. The UK proposed social media restrictions following riots while the Foreign Secretary simultaneously criticised other nations using social media controls to limit protest.

Retrieved from “https://en.wikinews.org/w/index.php?title=India_seeks_web_crackdown_after_failed_talks_with_industry&oldid=4374712”

Iranian International Master Dorsa Derakhshani discusses her chess career with Wikinews

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Iranian International Master Dorsa Derakhshani discusses her chess career with Wikinews
Author: Admin

15 Sep

Tuesday, April 14, 2020

In February 2017, the Iranian Chess Federation announced two teenage chess players, Dorsa Derakhshani and her younger brother Borna Derakhshani, were banned from representing the national team. The federation announced their decision although Dorsa Derakhshani had previously decided and informed the chess federation she did not wish to play for Iran.

Dorsa Derakhshani is currently 21 years old and holds the International Master (IM) as well as Woman Grand Master (WGM) titles. Her brother, Borna, plays for the English Federation and holds the FIDE Master title.

Dorsa Derakhshani was banned since she did not wear a hijab, an Islamic headscarf, while competing at the Tradewise Gibraltar Chess Festival in January 2017. Under the laws of Islamic Republic of Iran, hijab is a mandatory dress code. Her brother Borna Deraskhsani was banned for playing against Israeli Grand Master (GM) Alexander Huzman at the same tournament. Iran does not recognise the existence of Israel, and previously, Irani athletes have avoided playing against Israeli athletes.

Mehrdad Pahlavanzadeh, the president of the country’s chess federation, explained the decision to ban the players saying, “As a first step, these two will be denied entry to all tournaments taking place in Iran and in the name of Iran, they will no longer be allowed the opportunity to be present on the national team.” ((fa))Farsi language: ?????? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ??? ????? ?? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ?? ????? ? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ????? ??????? ? ???? ???? ???? ?? ??? ??? ?? ??????? ????. He further stated, “Unfortunately, something that should not have happened has happened and our national interest is paramount and we have reported this position to the Ministry of Sports.” ((fa))Farsi language: ????????? ?????? ?? ????? ????????? ?????? ??? ? ????? ??? ?? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ? ?? ??? ???? ?? ?? ????? ???? ?? ????? ?????.

IM Dorsa Derakhshani, who currently studies at Saint Louis University in the United States and plays for the United States Chess Federation, discussed her chess career, time in Iran and the 2017 controversy, and her life in Saint Louis with a Wikinews correspondent.

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